|Region of Taijitu|
|Demonym||Taijituan or Taiji|
|Founding||January 3, 2007|
|First ratification||January 14, 2007|
|Dixie Coup||March 23, 2008|
|Second constitutional ratification|
|Third Republic||June 20, 2010|
|Refounding||June 6, 2011|
|Type||Unitary presidential republic|
|Legislature||Senate of Taijitu|
|Speaker of the Senate||Disputed: |
|Chief Justice||Zoe |
Taijitu is a region in NationStates.
The name "Taijitu" comes from the Mandarin Chinese tàijítú (Traditional Chinese: 太極圖; Simplified Chinese: 太极图), which roughly translated means "ultimate power diagram". The term refers to the black and white symbol more commonly known in English as the yin yang, which is in fact the name of concept that the pattern represents in classical Chinese philosophy. It was adopted as the name of the region primarily because, at the time of founding, it was chosen for convenience to use Eluvatar's preexisting server and its associated URL www.taijitu.org.
- Main article: History of Taijitu
Government and politics
- Main article: Government of Taijitu
The government of Taijitu takes the form of a unitary presidential republic. It is structured according to the traditional tripartite system of separation of powers, with independent legislative, executive and judicial branches which exercise checks on one another's power. The legal underpinning of this system of government is the Constitution of Taijitu. The document is the supreme law of Taijitu and its provisions supercedes any other laws or government acts. In addition to defining the structure of the government, it guarantees certain civil liberties as well.
The Senate is the legislative branch. It has the power to make laws, propose constitutional amendments and to remove members of the executive and judicial branches from office. Its membership consists of seven senators, elected every seven weeks at large by the single transferable vote. The Senate defines its own internal procedures, and selects a Speaker to enforce them.
The executive branch is formed by the delegate and their cabinet of ministers. The delegate is the head of government, responsible for implementing government policy, as well as the de facto head of state. The Delegate also has the power to nominate justices of the Court and to veto legislation of the Senate. The delegate is elected by an instant runoff vote every seven weeks on the same ticket as a Lieutenant Delegate. The Lieutenant Delegate has no official constitutional duties other than assuming the office of the Delegate if they are unable to continue to serve.
The Court represents the judicial branch of the government. It is normally composed of two associate justices and one chief justice charged with administering the Court's business. The Court has the power to try both civil and criminal cases, as well as to arbitrate other disputes between Taijituan citizens. The Court may also strike down government acts or laws as unconstitutional if a suit on the matter is brought before it. All justices are nominated by the delegate and approved by the Senate, and serve staggered fourteen week terms.
The Constitution also establishes a robust system of petitions and referendums. Any citizen may petition to enact, amend or repeal a law or to amend the constitution, and these proposals may then be approved in a subsequent referendum. Petitions to recall any elected official may also be submitted. The outcome of any recall is also decided by a referendum.